The diversity of landscapes is an asset that is decisive in the rise of business opportunities in Santa Catarina. Its coast accounts for 7% of the national coastline and is lined with small islands and bays that have gorgeous white sand beaches. Countless rivers irrigate large plateaus and wind through beautiful mountains, slopes and valleys.
The state’s rugged terrain varies throughout the territory, highlighted by three regions: the western plateau, which occupies the largest part of the territory; the coastal plain, which lines the coast and favors the formation of coves and bays; and the coastal mountains, formed by the Serra do Mar and Serra Geral.
The climate is predominantly humid subtropical, with rains distributed throughout the year and occasional dry spells. The four seasons are well defined, and the average temperatures vary from 13°C to 25°C most of the year. The climate in general is mesothermic, but the different terrains have different extremes: the summer is very hot on the coast and in the valleys, while the winter is intensely cold and even has snow in the highest regions.
There are two large watersheds divided by the Serra Geral and the Serra do Mar: the Atlantic basin, which includes the rivers Itajaí-Açu, Tubarão, Araranguá, Tijucas and Itapocu, and which flow to the sea; and the Paraná watershed, which occupies the largest portion of the state and includes the rivers Iguaçu, Uruguai, Chapecó and Peixe, which pass through the plateau of Canoinhas, the fields of Lages, Chapecó and Joaçaba, and flow to the Plata River Basin.
The state has one of the highest percentage of land covered by native vegetation in Brazil. It is composed of: Atlantic Forest, which is extremely rich in biodiversity, and is predominant in the region of the coastal mountains and the Itajaí Valley; the coastline has mangroves, and regions of sandy soil near the coast are known as restinga and have short trees, bushes and herbs; there are araucária pine forests in the mountain plateau region; as well as the fields of the interior plateau.